Events

With Appier, you can send events across application models. This allows models to communicate with each other without creating a strict dependency between them.

Here's an example of the event of a Cat having "mehowed" being broadcast to the whole app:

class Cat(appier.Model):

    name = appier.field()

    def meow(self):
        print("Meoooow!")
        self.trigger("cat_meowed")

This event can be listened to and acted upon in a different model:

import cat

class MeowTracker(appier.Model):

    @classmethod
    def setup(cls):
        super(MeowTracker, cls).setup()
        cat.Cat.bind_g("cat_meowed", cls.handle_cat_mehowed)

    @classmethod
    def handle_cat_mehowed(cls, ctx):
        print("Cat '%s' mehowed" % ctx.name)

The previous example defines a global listener, which means that all cat_meowed events will be handled by the MeowTracker model. However, if you wanted the even to be listened only by a particular instance of the model, then you should use the bind method instead:

class MeowTracker(appier.Model):

    def listen(self):
        self.bind("cat_meowed", self.handle_cat_mehowed)

    def handle_cat_mehowed(self, ctx):
        print("Cat '%s' mehowed" % ctx.name)

It's true that Cat could just import MeowTracker and invoke it directly in its meow method, however, that would be a conceptual violation that would intertwine the logic in a such a way that would cause problems down the road (it makes more sense that a meow tracker, whatever that is, to be aware that cats exist, then for cats to be aware of meow trackers).

Events are dispatched and handled synchronously, therefore after the trigger method returns, you can rest assured that all listeners have already processed the event and their associated behaviors.

Persistence events

When model instances are being saved, Appier issues events for each phase of their persistence workflow (see Models for more details about model persistence). These can be listened to in the same way:

@classmethod
def setup(cls):
    super(MeowTracker, cls).setup()
    cat.Cat.bind_g("post_create", cls.handle_post_create)

@classmethod
def handle_cat_post_create(cls, ctx):
    print("Cat '%s' was born" % ctx.name)

These are the built-in persistence workflow events: